Md Zakir Hossain
Climate change adaptation; poverty; vulnerability; resilience; governance; rural development
· PhD in Urban Studies (2014), Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom
PhD title: Pro-Poor urban adaptation to climate change in Bangladesh: A study of urban extreme poverty, vulnerability and asset adaptation
[The study used development theories to analyse and explain extreme poverty, vulnerability and asset adaptation in urban context. The methods utilised in this research are fundamentally qualitative methods such as content analysis, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, key-informant interviews, and participants’ observations that aid analysis at micro scales. Most importantly, this research explored adaptation strategies and their impacts on poverty and vulnerability in the urban slums of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. (The study was fully-funded by Heriot-Watt University.)]
· Master of Governance and Development (2009), Institute of Development, Policy and Management, University of Antwerp, Belgium.
· Bachelor of Urban & Rural Planning (2003), Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh.
Md. Zakir Hossain is Professor of Urban & Rural Planning Discipline, Khulna University Bangladesh and Course Coordinator for the Master of Urban and Rural Planning. He holds an MSc from the University of Antwerp and D.Phil from the Heriot Watt University. Before coming to academia, Zakir worked as a development practitioner concerned with the urban health and governance in Bangladesh. He specialises in the grounded theory approach to study climate change, poverty and resilience. Besides teaching at Khulna University, he is also implementing research projects which particularly address co-existence between vulnerability and resilience, poverty, migration and asst based approach. He is also embarking on a new project concerning resilience building, with particular attention on vulnerability of the children in different climatic disaster zones of Bangladesh. His work has appeared in a number of peer-reviewed scholarly journals including Journal of Climate Strategies and Management, Environment, Development and Sustainability, Sustainable Built Environment, and Development in Practice.
Faculty (Current position- Professor), Urban & Rural Planning Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh, June 2006 – to date
(During the period, 2008-2009: on a study leave to pursue Master of Governance and Development at University of Antwerp Belgium; 2011-2014: having study leave to complete Doctor of Philosophy in Urban Studies at Heriot Watt University United Kingdom).
Major roles: I teach Research Methodology, Rural Development Planning, Disaster and Climate change and Governance and Development in the undergraduate and postgraduate level at the Khulna University. Besides this, I conduct researches on poverty, gender, climate change adaptation and governance. In addition, I also attend and present papers on different national and international seminars. Further, I supervise undergraduate and Master’s research students and also carry out various administrative, academic quality assurance activities of URP discipline and student affairs’ activities of the discipline.
Research Assistant, Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB), December 2005-June 2006.
Major roles: I worked in TIB’s Research Division where I was responsible for implementing TIB’s research projects. While working in TIB’s research team, I dealt with two research projects: (i) Corruption in High Court, and (ii) Governance in Service Delivery Process in Dhaka City Corporation. In these projects, I had involved in research design phase and in order to perform my duties efficiently, I got some training on research methodology and report writing. Besides this, I also involved in TIB’s research extension activities.
Research Officer, Unicef-funded research project, ICMH, Matuail, Dhaka, September 2005- November 2005.
Major roles: It was an action research project which aims to assess efficiency of existing health care services in delivering services related with children mental growth. My responsibility was to monitor and evaluate public and private health care services in the study locations by involving field level project staffs. Additionally, I prepared project activity and monitoring reports; and helped research team in collecting and analysing field data.
Project Officer, Unicef funded HIV/AIDS Intervention Project, Paricharja, Dhaka, January 2005- September 2005.
Major roles: It was an awareness raising project which targeted women garments workers in order to raise their awareness on HIV/AIDS. My responsibilities were to implement project activities by involving field level staffs; to write reports; to monitor and evaluate counselling and awareness raising sessions. To perform my duties well, I got training on ‘Behavioural Change Communication (BCC)’.
Research Associate, Assessment of developing sustainable alternative livelihoods for fishers during closed seasons and identification of best enterprises in Goakhola-Hatiara Beel of Narail District, KU-World Fish Centre Partnership Research Project, February 2004- December 2004.
Major roles: It was a research project where I worked as a research associate. I was responsible for performing qualitative and quantitative surveys. Additionally, I also worked in database management. Then, I helped the key investigator to analyse data.
Research Assistant, Landscape design of existing parks and other recreational facilities in Khulna City, Khulna University Research Cell, Bangladesh, October 2003- January 2004.
Major roles: It was a research project where I worked as a research assistant. I was responsible for performing surveys and database management.
Hossain, Z.M., Sayed, A. & Rahman, M.M. (2019) ‘Role of rural-urban linkages in local development: A comparative study on two rural settlements in Bangladesh’, accepted as a book chapter in the edited book, Rural–urban linkages for sustainable development (published by University of Innsbruck).
Mukaddim, S., Hossain, Z.M. & Sikder, K.S. (2019) ‘Urban environmental migrants: demands a unique category of human refugees to ensure their right to land and resettlements’, accepted as a book chapter in the edited book, Housing in a World of Change (published by Habitat International).
Hossain, Z.M. and Rahman, M.A.U. (2018) ‘Pro-Poor adaptation for the urban extreme poor in the context of climate change: A study on Dhaka city, Bangladesh’, International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 10 (3), 389-406.
Hossain, Z.M. and Rahman, M.A.U. (2018) ‘Adaptation to climate change as resilience for urban extreme poor: Lessons learned from targeted asset transfers programmes in Dhaka city of Bangladesh’, Environment, Development and Sustainability, 20 (1), 407-432.
Rahman, M.A.U., Hossain, Z.M. and Kabir, M.E. (2016) ‘Operationalizing community-led housing in practice: Lessons from Bangkok, Thailand and Mumbai, India’, International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 5, 564-578.
Hossain, Z.M. and Huq, N. (2012) ‘Institutions matter for urban resilience: The institutional challenges in mainstreaming climate smart disaster risk management in Bangladesh’, in: Filho, L.W. (ed.), Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management, Berlin: Springer,169-191.
Talukdar M.H., Mia, A.A. and Hossain Z.M. (2016) ‘Corruption and citizen economic capacity: The equation’, Management Research Practice, 8(2), 54-66.
Huq, N., Hossain, Z., Hasan, R. and A. M. Azad (2011) ‘Climate proofing water resources development policy: The evidence from Bangladesh’, in: Filho, L.W. (ed.), Climate Change and the Sustainable Use of Water Resources, Berlin: Springer, 389-400.
Talukdar M. H. and Hossain Z. (2011) ‘Planning tools that can be used to facilitate urban sustainability’, Management Research Practice, 3(4), 67-76.
Huq, N., Hossain, Z. and Chowdhury, A.N. (2010) ‘Financing adaptation – for whom, by whom and how’, in: Filho, L.W. (ed.), Social, Economic and Political Aspects of Climate Change, Berlin: Springer, 289-300.
Alam, M.A., Hossain Z.M., Rahman, M.A and Salauddin, M. (2009) ‘Designing an effective water supply network for Khulna City: A GIS based approach’, Plan Plus, 5, 88-101.
Rahaman, R.K. and Hossain Z.M. (2009) ‘Utilising urban space for better traffic management- A study of Khulna central business district, Bangladesh’, Management Research Practice, 1(1), 26-38.
Rahaman, K.R., Hossain Z.M., Rahman, M.A and Islam, M.S. (2009) ‘Practicing governance: Pitfalls and potentials- A study of Bangladesh’, Economia Seria Management, 12(2), 57-72.
Hossain, R., Ahsan, M.M. Hossain, Z.M. and Rahman, M.A.U. (2008) ‘Indigenous knowledge and practices for cyclone preparedness in coastal Bangladesh’, in: Wallendorf, L., Jones, C., Ewing, L. and Jaffe, B. (ed.), Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2008, USA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 826-837.
Rahaman, K.R., Hossain, Z.M., Rahman, M.A and Afrin, S. (2008) ‘Pedestrian’s accidents and awareness: A study of Dhaka City, Bangladesh’, Khulna University Studies, 9(2), 173-180.
Rahaman, K.R., Afrin, S., Rahman, M.A and Hossain, Z.M. (2007) ‘Modeling system coherence to know the pedestrian’s level of services in Dhaka City’, Khulna University Studies, 8(1), 13-19.
Islam, M.S., Rahaman, K.R., Rahman, M.A. and Hossain Z.M. (2007) ‘Environment and sustainable development of Bangladesh’, Bangladesh Journal of Resources and Development, 4(1), 89-101.
Rahaman, K.R., Ohmori, N., Afrin, S. and Hossain, Z.M. (2006) ‘Assessing the walkway’s level of services by using analytical hierarchical processing: A model developed for Dhaka city, Bangladesh’, Plan Plus, 4, 136-144.
Articles in the international conference proceedings
Ha-Mim N.M. and Hossain Z.M. (2019) ‘Are poor more strategic than non -poor? understand the nexus between livelihood choices and poverty in the context of climate change’, accepted for the presentation in the conference of World Forum on Climate Justice, organised by Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.
Ha-Mim N.M. and Hossain Z.M. (2019) ‘Nexus between Vulnerability and Adaptation in the Context of Climate Change: Evidence from Coastal Area in Bangladesh’, International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Ha-Mim N.M and Hossain Z.M. (2019) ‘Differential Climate Change Vulnerability among Different Poverty Groups in Southwestern Bangladesh: Lessons for Adaptation Planning’, Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Natural Sciences and Technology (ICNST’19), Asian University for Women, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Ha-Mim N.M. and Hossain Z.M. (2019) ‘Nexus between vulnerability and adaptation in the context of climate change: Evidence from coastal area in Bangladesh’, International Conference on Climate Change, University of Dhaka.
Ha-Mim N.M., Hossain Z.M. and Moniruzzaman, M.S. (2019) ‘Asset based profile approach for understanding differentiated vulnerability and resilience of coastal households in the context of climate change’, International Conference on Disaster Risk Management, BUET-Japan Institute of Disaster Prevention and Urban Safety (BUET-JIDPUS) Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Moniruzzaman, M.S., Hossain Z.M. and Ha-Mim N.M. (2019) ‘Assessing physical vulnerability in coastal Bangladesh towards natural hazards: A composite index approach’, International Conference on Disaster Risk Management, BUET-Japan Institute of Disaster Prevention and Urban Safety (BUET-JIDPUS) Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Mukaddim, S., Hossain, Z.M. and Sikder, S.K. (2018) ‘Urban environmental migrants: Demands a unique category of human refugees to ensure their right to land and resettlements’, N-AERUS XIX Stuttgart Conference, 08th – 10th November, 2018.
Hossain, Z.M. (2018) ‘Asset based approach for enhancing resilience of urban poor in the context climate change: How far is it transformative climate action in Bangladesh?’, Cities and Climate Change, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada March 5 - 7, 2018.
Rahman, M.A.U., Hossain, Z.M. and Singha, C. (2016) ‘Impact of resettlement on the livelihood of slum dwellers: A case study on Mandartola Housing, Gopalgonj, Bangladesh’, First Bangladesh Planning Research Conference, Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Jahangirnagar University and German Development Cooperation (GIZ).
Hossain Z.M., Zaman, Z.M. and Talukdar M.H. (2010) ‘Heterogeneity and handicapped functionality of urban local governments in Bangladesh and capacity for urban Planning’, 4th International Conference on Built Environment in Developing Countries- A better tomorrow begins with a greener today, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) in collaboration with University of South Australia.
Hossain Z.M. and Haque, M. M. (2010) ‘Climate change and rural to urban forced migration in coastal regions of Bangladesh: Need for adaptive social protection as a strategy’, GMSTEC 2010: International Conference for a Sustainable Greater Mekong Sub-region, Bangkok, Thailand.
Rahaman, K.R., Hossain Z.M., Rahman, M.A and Afrin, S. (2007) ‘Access to housing for disadvantaged groups using affordable standards of services: A study of Mudafa slum in Tongi Pourashava’, Architecture for the Economically Disadvantaged, Department of Architecture, BUET.