Dr. Md. Morsaline Billah

An enthusiastic and proactive biotechnologist with extensive experience in teaching and research at undergraduate and graduate level students and proficient in theoretical and experimental research activities in allied fields of interest with good expertise on bioprospecting of plant and microbial resources, bionanotechnology, biotechnology business, curriculum design and development having strong interest in educating students and sharing knowledge to broader audience in research and academia. 

  • PhD in Biochemistry and Microbiology (2004-2008), Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology (1995-1999), Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh

  • Visiting Academic and Commonwealth Rutherford Fellow (2018-2020), Lincoln International Business School, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, United Kingdom
  • Visiting Researcher and Islamic Development Bank Fellow (2016-2017), Institute of Quantative Biology, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • Visiting Professor (2013), University of British Columbia, Canada
  • Postdoctoral Research Scientist (2011-2012), Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Malaysia
  • Research Fellow (2008), Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, United Kingdom


            Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=YEz6_-YAAAAJ&hl=en

  • Environmental Monitoring by Electro-analytical and Biosensing Techniques (Detection of Heavy Metals in Water and Environmental Samples)
  • Bioprospecting of Mangrove Flora and Endophytic Fungi of The Sundarbans
  • Immunology of Viral Infections and Immunometabolism
  • Healthcare Monitoring by Biosensing Techniques
  • Surface Modification and Functionalisation
  • Biotechnology Business and Entrepreneurship Development.

Current Research Project/Collaboration

SL Title Research Role Awarded Date Completion Date Funding Agency
1 Detection of Pathogens in Drinking Water to Prevent Waterborne Disease Transmission in Developing Countries Principal Investigator 2014 2016 International
2 Bioprospecting the medicinal plants of the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest, in search for new medicine Principal Investigator 2013 2019 International
3 Evaluation of Cytotoxic Activity of Mangrove Plants from The Sundarbans and Possible Search for Anticancer Principles Principal Investigator 2016 2019 National
4 More Entrepreneurial Life at Bangladeshi Universities (MELBU) Co-Principal Investigator 2020 2023 International
5 Potential of Honey Production in the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest of Bangladesh and the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the Honey Collectors in the Region, funded by the Administrative Convention Center at Khulna, Government of Bangladesh Co-Principal Investigator 2022 2023 National
6 Utilization of waste bio-resources for the production of environmental friendly binderless composites to meet the demand of 21st century Co-Principal Investigator 2016 2018 International
7 TRANSFORMWASTE: Transforming liquid waste from rice industries to green bioplastics Co-Principal Investigator 2020 2022 International
8 A Multi-Center Evaluation of the Risk Factors and Disease Fatality for the SARS-CoV-2 in Bangladeshi Population: A Retrospective Study Principal Investigator 2022 2023 International
9 Development and characterization of Chitosan-based Composite Film for Antimicrobial Food Packaging Applications Principal Investigator 2021 2023 National
10 Development and characterization of Chitosan-based Composite Film for Antimicrobial Food Packaging Applications Principal Investigator 2021 2023 National
11 Development and characterization of Chitosan-based Composite Film for Antimicrobial Food Packaging Applications Principal Investigator 2021 2023 National

  • Visiting Academic (2018-2020), Lincoln International Business School, University of Lincoln, United Kingdom
  • Professor ( 2013-), Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh
  • Visiting Researcher (2016-2017),  Institute of Quantitative Biology, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • Visiting Professor (2013), School of Engineering, University of British Columbia, Canada
  • Postdoctoral Researcher (2011-2012), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Malaysia
  • Associate Professor (2009-2013), Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh
  • Research Fellow (2008), Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
  • Assistant Professor (2004-2009), Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh
  • Lecturer (2001-2004), Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.

coming soon...

coming soon...

Babu MM, Akter S, Rahman M, Billah MM, Hack-Polay D (2022) The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Shaping the Future of Agile Fashion Industry. Production Planning & Control. Accepted. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2022.2060858). 

Khan U, Habibur Rahman M, Salauddin Khan M, Hossain MS, Billah MM (2022) Bioinformatics and network-based approaches for determining pathways, signature molecules, and drug substances connected to genetic basis of schizophrenia etiology. Brain research, 1785, 147889. Advance online publication. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2022.147889).

Mahmud-Al-Rafat A, Hewins B, Mannan A, Kelvin DJ, Billah MM (2022) COVID-19 vaccine inequity, dependency, and production capability in low-income and middle-income countries: the case of Bangladesh. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, S1473-3099(22)00028-7. Advance online publication. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(22)00028-7). 

Salekeen R, Siam M, Sharif DI, Lustgarten MS, Billah MM, Islam K (2021) In silico insights into potential gut microbial modulation of NAD+ metabolism and longevity. Journal of biochemical and molecular toxicology, 35(12), e22925. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jbt.22925).

Salekeen R, Diaconeasa AG, Billah MM, Islam K (2021) Energy Metabolism Focused Analysis of Sexual Dimorphism in Biological Aging and Hypothesized Sex-specificity in Sirtuin Dependency. Mitochondrion, 60, 85–100. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mito.2021.07.007). 

Khan U, Chowdhury S, Billah MM, Islam KMD, Thorlacius, Rahman M (2021) Neutrophil Extracellular Traps in Colorectal Cancer Progression and Metastasis. International Journal of  Molecular Sciences  22: 7260-7278. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22147260). 


Das AK, Islam MN, Billah MM, Sarker A (2021) COVID-19 and municipal solid waste (MSW) management: a review, Environmental Science and Pollution Research 28: 28993-29008. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-13914-6). 


Rahman KMT, Islam MF, Saha S, Billah MM (2021) The Central Importance of Hub Proteins in a Disease-Gene Network Model: A New Paradigm of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Disease Study, BioRxiv. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.21.436331).  

Das AK, Islam MN, Billah MM, Sarker A (2021) COVID-19 pandemic and healthcare solid waste management strategy – A mini-review, Science of the Total Environment 778: 146220. (DOI: https://doi.org//10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146220)

Islam T, Islam MN, Zzaman W, Billah MM (2021) Study of Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Cytotoxicity Properties of Selected Plant Extracts for Food Preservative Applications, International Journal of Food Studies 10: 95-111. (DOI:  https://doi.org/10.7455/ijfs/10.SI.2021.a8)


Salekeen R, Barua J, Shaha PR, Islam KMD, Islam ME, Billah MM, Rahman SMM(2021) Marine phycocompound screening reveals a potential source of novel senotherapeutics, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07391102.2021.1877822).

Salekeen R, Ahmed A, Islam ME, Billah MM, Rahman H, Islam KMD (2020) In-silico screening of bioactive phytopeptides for novel anti-ageing therapeutics, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07391102.2020.1859411).

Nurunnabi TR, Sarwar S, Sabrin F, Alam F, Nahar L, Sohrab H, Sarker SD, Rahman SMM, Billah MM (2020) Molecular identification and antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from Heritiera fomes (Buch. -Ham), a mangrove plant of the Sundarbans, Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 9: 61. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s43088-020-00081-9)


Salekeen R, Mou SN, Islam ME, Ahmed A, Billah MM, Rahman SMM, Islam KMD (2020) Predicting multi-enzyme inhibition in the arachidonic acid metabolic network by Heritiera fomes extracts, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07391102.2020.1855248). 


Mahmud-Al-Rafat A, Asim MMH, Taylor-Robinson AW, Majumder A, Muktadir A, Muktadir H, Karim M, Khan I, Ahasan MM, Billah MM (2020) A combinational approach to restore cytokine balance and to inhibit virus growth may promote patient recovery in severe COVID-19 cases, Cytokine 136:155228. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2020.155228). 


Rahman M, Billah MM, Hack-Polay D, Alam A (2020) The use of biotechnologies in textile processing and environmental sustainability: An emerging market context, Technological Forecasting and Social Change 159: 120204. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120204).

Hack-Polay D, Rahman M, Billah MM, Al-Sabbahy HZ (2020) Big data analytics and sustainable textile manufacturing: Decision-making about the applications of biotechnologies in developing countries, Management Decision 58(8): 1699-1714. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-09-2019-1323).


Rahman M, Hack-Polay D, Billah MM, Nabi NU (2020) Bio-based textile processing through the application of enzymes for environmental sustainability, International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development 19(1):87-106 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1386/tmsd_00017_1).


Nurunnabi, T.R., Sabrin, F., Sharif, D.I., Nahar L, Sohrab MH, Sarker SD, Rahman SMM, Billah MM (2020) Antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from the mangrove plant Sonneratia apetala (Buch. -Ham) from the Sundarbans mangrove forest, Advances in Traditional Medicine 20: 419–425.  (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00422-9).


Aunjum A, Biswas R, Ullah M, Billah MM, Islam ME, Islam KMD (2019) Bioactivity analysis of Sarcolobus globosus Wall., a mangrove plant of the Sundarbans, Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University 17(4), 476-482. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.3329/jbau.v17i4.44608).


Biswas R, Rahman SMM, Islam KMD, Billah MM, Aunjum A, Nurunnabi TR, Kundu SK, Islam ME (2019) Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, and Anticoagulation Properties of Aegiceras corniculatum and Acanthus ilicifolius. Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Research 5 (3) :35-44.  (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/pbr.v5i3.2117)

Aunjum A, Biswas R, Nurunnabi TR, Rahman SMM, Islam ME, Islam KMD (2019) Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of three herbs belonging to Zingiber genus of Bangladesh, Advances in Traditional Medicine 20: 343-350. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00403-y).


Islam ME, Islam KMD, Billah MM, Biswas R, Sohrab MH, Rahman SMM (2019) Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of Heritiera fomes (Buch. -Ham), a mangrove plant of the Sundarbans. Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine. (DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00401-0)


Rahman M, Billah MM, Hack-Polay D (2019) What is hindering change? Anticipating the barriers to the adoption of enzyme‐based textile processing in a developing country, Business Strategy and Development, Early View. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/bsd2.58).


Mahmud-Al-Rafat A, Majumder A, Taufiqur Rahman KM, Mahedi Hasan AM, Islam KMD, Taylor-Robinson AW, Billah MM (2019) Decoding the enigma of antiviral crisis: Does one target molecule regulate all? Cytokine 115:13-23. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2018.12.008). 


Islam MT, Ali ES2, Uddin SJ, Shaw S, Islam MA, Ahmed MI, Chandra Shill M, Karmakar UK, Yarla NS, Khan IN, Billah MM et al. (2018) Phytol: A review of biomedical activities, Food and Chemical Technology 121:82-94. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2018.08.032).


Nurunnabi TR, Al-Majmaie S, Nakouti I, Nahar L, Rahman SMM, Sohrab MH, Billah MM et al. (2018) Antimicrobial activity of kojic acid from endophytic fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolated from Sonneratia apetala, a mangrove plant of the Sundarbans. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 11: 350-354. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/10.4103/1995-7645.233183).


Nurunnabi TR, Nahar L, Al-Majmaie S, Rahman SMM, Sohrab MH, Billah MM, Ismail FMD, Rahman MM, Sharples GP, Sarker SD (2018) Anti-MRSA activity of oxysporone and xylitol from the endophytic fungus Pestalotia sp. growing on the Sundarbans mangrove plant Heritiera fomes, Phytotherapy Research 32: 348-354. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5983).


Islam MR, Mondol OK, Rahman MS, Billah MM, Rahman MS, Zohora US (2016) Screening of α-amylase producing bacteria from tannery wastes of Hazaribag, Bangladesh, Jahangirnagar University Journal of Biological Sciences 5: 1-10. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.3329/jujbs.v5i2.32511). 


Afrin S, Pervin R, Sabrin F, Sohrab MH, Rony SR, Islam ME, Islam KD, Billah MM (2016) Assessment of antioxidant, Antibacterial and preliminary cytotoxic activity of chloroform and methanol extracts of Caesalpinia crista L. leaf, Bangladesh Journal of Botany 45: 1061-1068. 


Afrin S, Pervin R, Sabrin F, Sohrab MH, Rony SR, Islam ME, Islam KD, Billah MM (2016) In vitro antioxidant activity, antimicrobial and preliminary cytotoxic activity of Cynometra ramiflora-a mangrove plant, Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences 6: 844-850. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.15414/jmbfs.2016.6.2.844-850). 


Islam T, Khan IH, Afroz KF, Rahman MZ, Hossain MS, Islam ME, Billah MM, Islam KD (2016) Effective identification of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei-1 by 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region sequencing, Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences 6:702-706 (DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.15414/jmbfs.2016.6.1.695-701).


Akter M, Afrin S, Sakib SN, Biswas R, Billah MM, Rahman MS, Zohora US (2016) Investigation of antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant properties of the mangrove plant Xylocarpus mekongensis, Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology 7:205-213. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/abb.2016.74019). 


Pervin R, Afrin S, Sabrin F, Zohora US, Rahman MS, Islam KD, Billah MM (2016) Antioxidant, Antibacterial and Brine Shrimp Lethality Bioassay of Amoora cucullata, a Mangrove Plant. Journal of Young Pharmacists 2016; 8(1):33-8 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5530/jyp.2016.1.8).


Rony IK, Baten A, Bloomfield JA, Islam ME, Billah MM, Islam KD (2015) Inducing pluripotency in vitro: recent advances and highlights in induced pluripotent stem cells generation and pluripotency reprogramming, Cell Proliferation 48(2):140–156 (DOI: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cpr.12162). 


Sahabuddin M , Ali H, Miah MF, Ferdous A, Akhter MS,  Billah MM , Hassan Z,  Ali L (2015) Association of vitamin D receptor gene Apa1 (G>T) and Taq1 (T>C) polymorphisms in the pathogenesis of impaired glucose tolerance in subjects of Bangladeshi origin, International Journal of Green and Herbal Chemistry 4(3): 357-369.


Honi U, Sabrin F, Islam T, Islam ME, Billah MM, Islam KD (2013) Enzymatic activity and antibiotic resistance profile of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei-1 isolated from regional yogurts of Bangladesh, Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 3(3):235-239.


Saha S, Shilpi JA, Mandal H, Gofur MR, Billah MM, Nahar L, Sarker SD (2013) Bioactivity studies on Musa seminifera Lour. Pharmacognosy Magazine, 9: 315-322 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1296.117827). 


Billah MM, Hays HCW, Hodges C, Ponnambalam S, Vohra R, Millner PA (2012) Mixed self-assembled monolayer (mSAM) based impedimetric immunosensors for cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (sLOX-1), Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 173: 361-366 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2012.07.017).


Pervin R, Sabrin F, Billah MM, Islam KMD, Elmezughi J, Shilpi JA (2012) Antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of Meyna spinosa stem, Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 9(2): 225-230. 


Chowdhury A, Hossain MN, Mostazir NJ, Fakruddin M, Billah MM, Ahmed MM (2012) Screening of Lactobacillus spp. from buffalo yoghurt for probiotic and antibacterial activity, Journal of Bacteriology and Parasitology 3(8):156-161 (http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2155-9597.1000156).


Shilpi JA, Islam ME, Billah M, Islam KMD, Sabrin F, Uddin SJ, Nahar L, Sarker SD (2012) Antinociceptive, Anti-Inflammatory, and Antipyretic Activity of Mangrove Plants: A Mini Review, Advances in Pharmacological Sciences, Volume 2012, Article ID 576086, 7 pages (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/576086). 


Billah MM, Hodges C, Hays HCW, Millner PA (2010) Directed immobilisation of reduced antibody fragments onto a novel SAM on gold for myoglobin impedance immunosensing, Bioelectrochemistry 80(1): 49-54 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2010.08.005). 


Hoque MZ, Akter F, Hossain KM, Rahman MSM, Billah MM, Islam KMD (2010) Isolation, Identification and Analysis of Probiotic properties of Lactobacillus Spp. from selective regional yoghurts, World Journal of Dairy & Food Sciences 5(1): 39-46.


Millner PA, Hays HCW, Vakurov A, Pchelintsev NA, Billah MM, Rodgers MA (2009) Nanostructured transducer surfaces for electrochemical biosensor construction—Interfacing the sensing component with the electrode, Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology 20: 34-40 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semcdb.2009.01.011).


Billah MM, Hays HCW, Millner PA (2008) Development of a myoglobin impedimetric immunosensor based on mixed self-assembled monolayer onto gold, Microchimica Acta 160(4): 447-454 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-007-0793-0). 


Millner P, Vakurov A, Hays H, Pchelintsev N, Billah M, Rodger M, Gibson T (2007) The nanoscale design of surfaces for building biosensors, Journal of Biotechnology 131 (2): S127-128 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2007.07.223). 


Roberts LC, Hug SJ, Ruettimann T, Billah M, Khan AW, Rahman MT (2004) Arsenic removal with iron (II) and iron (III) in waters with high silicate and phosphate concentrations, Environment Science and Technology 38 (1): 307-315 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/10.1021/es0343205). 


Ahasan MM, Billah MM, Hasan MM, Islam KMD, Shilpi JA (2004) Transmission, biochemical manifestation and CD4+ cell count of HIV: a review, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7(2): 292-300 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2004.292.300).


Shilpi JA, Uddin SJ, Rouf R, Billah MM (2004) Central nervous system depressant activity of Diospyros peregrina bark, Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, 4(4): 249-252


Ahamed T, Hossain KM, Billah MM, Islam KMD, Ahasan MM, Islam ME (2004) Adaptation of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) on Vero cell line, International Journal of Poultry Science 3(2): 153-156 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2004.153.156). 


Mamun MM, Billah MM, Ashek A, Ahasan MM, Hossain MJ, Sultana T (2003) Evaluation of Diuretic Activity of Ipomoea aquatica (Kalmisak) in Mice Model Study, Journal of Medical Sciences 3(5): 395-400 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jms.2003.395.400). 


Islam KMD, Ahamed T, Ahasan MM, Billah MM, Islam ME, Hossain KM (2003) Adaptation of Reovirus on Vero Cell Line, Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 2 (8): 425-429 (DOI: http://medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=javaa.2003.425.429).


Shrestha P, Ahasan MM, Islam KMD, Billah MM, Islam ME, Mehedi M, Mitra S, Islam MR (2003) Sero-prevalence of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) Specific Antibody in Chicken, Journal of Biological Sciences 6(14): 1234-1240 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2003.1234.1240).


Aryal P, Hossain KM, Ahasan MM, Islam KMD, Billah MM, Islam ME, Mehedi M, Mitra S (2003) Sero-prevalence of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) Specific Antibody in Chicken, Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 2 (6): 366-371 (DOI: http://medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=javaa.2003.366.371).





Research Methodology

Section B

Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA), Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Rapid Rural System Appraisal (RRSA). Organization and differences among RRA, PRA and RRSA. 

Ex-ante analysis:  Ex-ante analysis of research design and critical path method for planning and management of project.

Research Law, Monitoring and Evaluation: International and National laws and legislation; objectives, monitoring and evaluation process, typology of evaluation, planning and designing a monitoring and evaluation system, monitoring and evaluation of training programs, writing an evaluation report, term of references, program performance indicators and plan for dissemination of evaluation report.

Literature Review: Purpose and types/sources of review; preparation of index card for reviewing and abstracting; review of scientific reports.

Validity, Reliability and Ethics in Research: Definition, differences between validity and reliability, factors resulting in poor reliability and improvement measures, internal and external validity. Necessities of ethical clearance and its monitoring.  

Annual Reports and Interpretation: Concept, techniques and significance and precautions of interpretation. Types, purpose, format, steps, significance and precautions of writing research report, Salient features of research highlights and executive summary.

Research Systems and its Coordination in Different Sectors of Bangladesh (agriculture, health, industry, fisheries, livestock and universities).


Fermentation Technology and Bioreactor Design

Section – B

5.Transport phenomena in bioprocess systems: Introduction, gas-liquid mass transfer in cellular systems, critical oxygen concentration and oxygen uptake, determination of oxygen transfer rates, mass transfer across free surfaces, surfaces, factor affecting oxygen transfer rates, sterilization of gases and liquids by filtration.

6.Scale up: History, Scale up criteria, Equipments to be scaled up, Scale up Parameters.

7.Instrumentation and control: Introduction, process control, in-line measurements, on-line measurements, computers and interfaces.

8.Bioprocess Economics: Stages in Plant Design, Break even analysis, Depreciation, method of calculation of depreciation, Optimization, Graphical and Mathematical Approaches of Optimization.

  • Fermentation Technology and Bioreactor Design